Cachar district is located in the southernmost part of Assam. It is bounded on the north by Barail and Jayantia hill ranges, on the south by the State of Mizoram and on the west by the districts of Hailakandi and Karimganj. The district lies between 92° 24' E and 93° 15' E longitude and 24° 22' N and 25° 8' N latitude. The total geographical area of the district is 3,786 Sq. Km. The Barak is the main river of the district and apart from that there are numerous small rivers which flow from Dima Hasao district, Manipur or Mizoram.
The district is mostly made up of plains, but there are a number of hills spread across the district. Cachar receives an average annual rainfall of more than 3,000mm. The climate is Tropical wet with hot and wet summers and cool winters. The climatic condition of this district is significant for humidity in summer season and it is often intolerable. During the winter season, it is as cold as other parts of north India and the rainy season of this district starts from May and ends after October. Bengali is the Official Language in this district with majority of the people primarily speaking Bengali and Sylhettee, a Bengali-dialect. Apart from Bengali, other languages spoken in the district include Assamese, Meitei Manipuri, Bishnupuriya Manipuri, Dimasa and Rongmei-Naga. There are also few Mizo, Kuki and Khasi people who form microscopic minority. The Bhuban ranges on the eastern side of the district covers a considerable area. The river Barak, along with the tributaries, Jiri, Chiri, Madhura, Jatinga, Sonai, Katakhal and others are flowing through the centre of the plain valley of the district. Explorations by ONGC in different parts of Cachar have indicated that there are huge mineral oil and gas deposits in various parts of the district.
Silchar, the district headquarter town, situated on the South bank of the Barak river is an important commercial centre of the state. A gateway to Mizoram, Manipur and Tripura, the town naturally plays a vital role so far supply of essential commodities etc to those states is concerned. A medical college, station of All India Radio, TV Station and several other institutions has helped the town grow in importance. The district of Cachar is the home of a large number of Tea Gardens too. Lakhipur is the richest pine - apple growing area in the country, again on the bank of Barak.
According to the 2011 census Cachar district has a population of 1,736,319, This gives it a ranking of 278th in India out of a total of 640 The district has a population density of 459 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,190 /sq mi) .Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 20.17%. Cachar has a sex ratio of 958 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 80.36%.
Religious break-up of the population are, Hindus 886,761, Muslims 522,051 (36.13%) and Christians 31,306 as per 2001 cesus.
Bengali is the status of Official Language in this district with majority of the people primarily speaking Bengali and Sylheti, a Bengali-dialect. Apart from Bengali, other minority languages spoken in the district include Meitei Manipuri, Bishnupuriya Manipuri, Dimasa and Rongmei-Naga. There are also few Mizo, Kuki and Khasi people who form microscopic minority.
|Population (as per 2011 census)||Men||Women|
|Population in Urban area (as per 2011 census)||Silchar Municipal area||Lakhipur Municipal area|
|(as per 2011 census)||85.88%||74.62%|
|Subdivision = 3 (Three)||Silchar, Lakhipur & Katigorah|
|Parliamentary Constituency||2- H.P. SILCHAR|
|Assembly Constituency = 7 (Seven)||9- Silchar, 10- Sonai, 11- Dholai (SC), 12- Udharbond, 13- Lakhipur, 14- Borkhola & 15- Katigorah.|
|Revenue Circle= 5 (Five)||Silchar, Sonai, Katigorah, Lakhipur, & Udharbond|
|Police Station = 8 (Eight)||Silchar Sadar, Sonai, Katigorah, Dholai, Udharbond, Lakhipur, Borkhola & Jirighat|
|Development Block = 15 (Fifteen)||Silchar, Sonai, Palonghat, Borjalenga, Narsingpur, Salchapra, Tapang, Katigorah, Kalain, Borkhola, Udharbond, Banskandi, Raja Bazar, Lakhipur & Binnakandi|
|Gaon Panchayat = 162 (One hundred Sixty two)|